Areca nut locally has many names ‘Adeke’ or Malayalam ‘Adakka’ in many other Indian languages ‘Supari’ or In Sanskrit “Tambula” refers to Areca nut mixed with betel leaf and slacked lime(Raghavan and Baruah, 1958).
Areca nut has a long history because of its antiquity. In ‘Somadevas Katha Sarita Manasa’ which was retold in Sanskrit by Shaiva named Somadeva. He mentioned betel nut/Areca nut flavors with 5 fruit. Reference to betel nut chewing is available both in the Tatakas and in several Pali works. One of the Sanskrit fables, ‘Hitopadesha’ there betel nut/Areca nut is described as pungent, spicy, bitter and sweet. In ‘Mahabahrath’ an ancient Indian epic text represented ‘Sushruta’ as a son of Rishi Vishvamitra he said “Intelligent eaters will take either some fruit of an astringent, pungent or bitter taste or chew betel leaf prepared with broken Areca nut.
Many Arab authors also mentioned Areca nut benefits in their own way they said Areca nut brightens the mind and drives away the cares. Whoever uses it becomes joyful, perfumed breath and perfect sleep. European traveler ‘Herodotus’ in 340B.C mention Areca nut chewing. He is the first European to give recognition to Areca nut.
Malaya Peninsula, Siam, and neighboring islands were the place where first Areca nut was grown as a plantation. Tobacco was introduced to India by Europeans in the 16th century as a smoking substance. Areca nut chewing was socially accepted practice, the use of areca quid containing tobacco become a widespread habit.